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Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development proposes that children’s thinking develops through a series of stages, each building on the previous one.

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Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and philosopher who is best known for his theory of cognitive development. His theory is based on the idea that children learn through their own experiences and interactions with the environment. Piaget believed that children go through four distinct stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. Each stage is characterized by different levels of understanding and reasoning.

The sensorimotor stage is the first stage of cognitive development and occurs from birth to two years of age. During this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and motor skills. They learn to recognize objects, explore their environment, and develop basic problem-solving skills.

The preoperational stage occurs from two to seven years of age. During this stage, children begin to use language and symbols to represent objects and ideas. They also begin to think logically and use their imagination.

The concrete operational stage occurs from seven to eleven years of age. During this stage, children become more logical and can think abstractly. They are able to understand cause and effect relationships and can solve problems using concrete objects.

The formal operational stage occurs from eleven years of age and beyond. During this stage, children are able to think abstractly and use deductive reasoning. They are able to think about hypothetical situations and understand complex concepts.

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development has had a major influence on the field of psychology. His ideas have been used to explain how children learn and develop, and to inform educational practices. His theory has also been used to explain how adults think and reason.

FAQs

What is Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development?

Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is a theory that explains how children learn and develop. It is based on the idea that children go through four distinct stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational.

What is the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development?

The sensorimotor stage is the first stage of cognitive development and occurs from birth to two years of age. During this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and motor skills. They learn to recognize objects, explore their environment, and develop basic problem-solving skills.

What is the preoperational stage of cognitive development?

The preoperational stage occurs from two to seven years of age. During this stage, children begin to use language and symbols to represent objects and ideas. They also begin to think logically and use their imagination.

What is the concrete operational stage of cognitive development?

The concrete operational stage occurs from seven to eleven years of age. During this stage, children become more logical and can think abstractly. They are able to understand cause and effect relationships and can solve problems using concrete objects.

What is the formal operational stage of cognitive development?

The formal operational stage occurs from eleven years of age and beyond. During this stage, children are able to think abstractly and use deductive reasoning. They are able to think about hypothetical situations and understand complex concepts.

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